"The increasing availability of personal activity monitors, tracking devices, wearable recording devices, and associated smartphone apps has given rise to a wave of Quantified Self individuals
and applications. The data from these apps and sensors are usually collected by associated apps and uploaded to the software developers for feedback to the individual and selected partners. In this
article we highlight the privacy risks associated with this practice, demonstrating the ease with which an app provider can infer an individual’s co-location and joint activities without having access to
specific location data. We also highlight a number of potential solutions to the challenges that arise, with a view to minimising the privacy leakage from these applications."
"A new version of Foursquare’s eponymous app, released today, is a radical departure for the company. Once a kind of online bragging system, the app is now more of a tracking machine. Gone is
Foursquare’s best-known feature, a large ‘check in” button that users clicked to voluntarily share their location. Now, the app is keeping tabs on you at all times, sending your location back to
Foursquare’s servers, which then push recommendations back to your smartphone, suggesting restaurants and stores to visit—and stuff to order and buy once you get there."
"Thank you for inviting Google representatives to the meeting organized on July 24 by the Article 29 Working Party with three US-based search engines to discuss the challenges of implementing
the European Court of Justice’s recent decision in the ‘Costeja’ case. Please find below the responses to the questionnaire that you sent to us. In the interest of transparency, we will follow your lead
and make our responses public."
"The Court’s interpretation of Article 12 of the 1995 Data Protection Directive, which was drafted three years before Google was founded, has resulted in the ruling that the search engine’s European sites must process more than 70,000 data removal requests that it has received since its web form went live on 30th May, 17 days after the judgment. After having heard evidence from data protection experts, the Information Commissioner’s Office, the Minister for Justice and Civil Liberties, Simon Hughes, and Google itself, the Committee recommends that the UK Government must continue to fight to ensure that the updated Regulation no longer includes any provision on the lines of the Commission’s ‘right to be forgotten’ or the European Parliament’s ‘right to erasure’."
"Consumers should be able to evaluate and compare the data practices of different services in order to make informed decisions about the apps they install. The number of readily available
privacy policies addressing the collection, use, and sharing of data is a step in the right direction. However, many disclosures used vague language, reserving broad rights to collect, use, and share
— making clear how data is collected, used, and shared.48 Further, they suggest that these app developers may not be evaluating whether they have a business need for the data they are
"Tracking sensors have already paved the way for the development of ‘pay as you go’ motor cover, which matches the premium to how much the car is used. This is now giving way to a more risk-
sensitive ‘pay how you drive’ model, which allows insurers to judge how well the policyholder drives and reflect this in their pricing. Examples include Discovery Insure in South Africa. Drivers rated as
good or excellent by the company’s Vitalitydrive programme can receive monthly cash rewards of up to 50% of their fuel expenditure. The benefits for Discovery include higher retention and lower claims
costs. Even more important for the company are the benefits for society. The service is encouraging safer driving and reducing the incidence of serious accidents among policyholders in a country with one
of the highest motor vehicle fatality rates in the world (33 per 100,000 inhabitants per year, more than twice the rate in China and the US). The next level of ‘information advantage’ is going to come
from extracting risk and customer profiling data from the purchasing, GPS, social media and other digital trails people leave. A lot of this information is unstructured and new analytical techniques are
emerging to get the insights from it. […] What underlies these developments is an important shift from the insurer being a reactive claims’ payer to a proactive risk manager. By helping customers to
understand and mitigate their risks more effectively, the true value and differential of insurers’ risk management expertise would become more tangible and they would be in a better position to increase
their prices and returns."
"To open a bank account in Pakistan, to get a new driver license or passport or to activate a SIM card, you need to present a computerized national identity card. These cards are about more
than just proving identity; they are essential to getting on with your day-to-day life. So what happens when you lose your identity to fraud? Pakistan is one of the few nations that has registered almost
the entire population’s biometric details and provided citizens with a computerized national identity card. But even with that system in place, fraud is still rampant. I took a closer look at the fraud
industry to understand just how identity fraud persists in the new biometric era."
"Ton Siedsma is nervous. He made the decision weeks ago, but keeps postponing it. It’s the 11th of November, a cold autumn evening. At ten past eight (20:10:48 to be exact), while passing Elst
station on the way home, he activates the app. It will track all of his phone’s metadata over the coming week. […] After exactly a week, on Monday, 18 November, he concludes the experiment, saying
afterwards that he felt liberated when doing so. There’s an easy explanation for his nervousness: what he’ll be doing, where he’ll be and who he has contact with will be seen by tens of thousands of
people. Today, by you and me, and all the other readers of this article."
"Specifically, this report documents the effects of large-scale electronic surveillance on the practice of journalism and law, professions that enjoy special legal protections because they are
integral to the safeguarding of rights and transparency in a democracy. To document these effects, we interviewed 92 people, including 46 journalists and 42 lawyers, about their concerns and the ways in
which their behavior has changed in light of revelations of largescale surveillance. We also spoke to current and former senior government officials who have knowledge of the surveillance programs to
understand their perspective, seek additional information, and take their concerns into account in our analysis. Whether reporting valuable information to the public, representing another’s legal
interests, or voluntarily associating with others in order to advocate for changes in policy, it is often crucial to keep certain information private from the government. In the face of a massively
powerful surveillance apparatus maintained by the US government, however, that privacy is becoming increasingly scarce and difficult to ensure. As a result, journalists and their sources, as well as
lawyers and their clients, are changing their behavior in ways that undermine basic rights and corrode democratic processes."
"The research findings indicate that CMPs are effective at improving data protection compliance. […] The research confirmed that this positive impact was extended to ‘peer’ organisations,
where CMPs had a wider impact as a useful deterrent and an incentive to ‘get it right first time’. A substantial proportion of this sample said that they had reviewed or changed their data protection
practices and policies as a result of hearing about CMPs being issued to other organisations."
"We are writing to express deep alarm about the announcement on June 12, 2014, that Facebook is planning to collect the web browsing activities of Internet users for targeted advertising.
Facebook already installs cookies and pixel tags on users’ computers to track browsing activity on Facebook.com and Facebook apps. If Facebook is permitted to expand its data collection practices, those
cookies and pixel tags will also track users’ browsing activity on any website that includes a few lines of Facebook code."
"This paper is intended to give an overview of the issues as we see them and contribute to the debate on big data and privacy. This is an area in which the capabilities of the technology and
the range of potential applications are evolving rapidly and there is ongoing discussion of the implications of big data. Our aim is to ensure that the different privacy risks of big data are considered
along with the benefits of big data - to organisations, to individuals and to society as a whole. It is our belief that the emerging benefits of big data will be sustained by upholding key data protection
principles and safeguards. The benefits cannot simply be traded with privacy rights."
"It has been over a year since The Guardian reported the first story on the National Security Agency’s surveillance programs based on the leaks from former NSA contractor Edward Snowden, yet
the national conversation remains largely mired in a simplistic debate over the tradeoffs between national security and individual privacy. It is time to start weighing the overall costs and benefits more